The major changes which helped to transform football

Monday, October 21, 2013

Football is a sport that has seen its popularity flourish in recent decades, gaining a huge number of fans in just about every continent. Part of the reason why the game’s appeal has grown is down to its willingness to adapt both on and off the field. Here, we profile some of the biggest changes made to football as we know it throughout history:
The offside rule

At the same time as the game’s invention, the offside rule was invented. Still not completely understood by a number of people within football, its initial aim was to ensure that attackers didn’t gain an unfair advantage by being able to stay in the opposition’s half and wait for a hopeful long ball to pounce on. It was most recently tweaked eight years ago.
The backpass rule
Created almost 100 years after the offside rule was first devised, it has rarely been breached in recent years. How it works is that defenders cannot pass or throw the ball back to their goalkeeper if they catch it while airborne (unless it has bounced on the ground beforehand). In a way, it complements the offside rule, introducing an element of fairness to the game.
Artificial surfaces
Back in the 1980s, they were used sparingly due to doubts about their quality, but as time and technology have moved on, the quality of artificial grass pitches has become so high that they are now in use in many European countries where cold winters are common.
A spokesperson from Hitechturf.co.uk said: “Technology in artificial grass has come on quite a long way since the late 80s and artificial grass pitches are now manufactured from polyethylene rather than nylon; this has meant that these new turfs have been approved by FIFA and UEFA.”
All-seater stadia
In the early 90s, a report into the safety of football grounds was written. The findings said that all football venues for full-time clubs in England, Scotland and Wales should either convert their terraces into seating or move into an all-purpose new ground where there is no terracing. All-seater grounds are typically safer and more comfortable, and they’re more family-friendly too.

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